Anyhow, I preferred to translate "Ṛgveda" in the title as "Veda of Praise" for the sake of simplicity. The same thing is true to the rest of deities. No, it should be translated as "willingly". Oh heroes (narā), (come) soon (makṣū) (and) willingly (itthā dhiyā)17 !||6||, I invoke (huve)18 Mitra (mitram), whose strength of will (dakṣam)19 (is) pure (pūta), and (ca) Varuṇa (varuṇam), destroyer and devourer of enemies (riśādasam). The Rigveda is the oldest of India’s ancient Vedic texts, extending back by traditional estimates to 3000 BCE or even much earlier. Many mantras in Rigveda are hymns to the gods praying for benefits like health, wealth, and long life. This is valid in Sanskrit and there is no doubt about it. वाय॑ उ॒क्थेभि॑र्जरन्ते॒ त्वामच्छा॑ जरि॒तार॑:। सु॒तसो॑मा अह॒र्विद॑:॥२॥ 17 "Narā" is the Vocative case, dual number, of "nṛ" (man, hero, etc.). The god of first hymn or sukta of rigveda is agni, the self effulgent fire. The first and 10 th Mandalas are the youngest and the longest books. ऋषिर्मधुच्छन्दा वैश्वामित्रः - छन्दो गायत्री - देवता वायुः १-३ इन्द्रवायू ४-६ मित्रावरुणौ ७-९, वाय॒वा या॑हि दर्शते॒मे सोमा॒ अर॑ङ्कृताः। तेषां॑ पाहि श्रु॒धी हव॑म्॥१॥ 3 Through Agni man obtaineth wealth, yea, plenty waxing day by day, Most rich in heroes, glorious. Puruṣa will be described in the Book 10, Hymn 90 (which is often known as Puruṣasūkta or Hymn in honor of Puruṣa). Sa na̍ḥ pi̱teva̍ sū̱nave'gne̍ sūpāya̱no bha̍va| Saca̍svā naḥ sva̱staye̍||9||, | And now the first set of eight lessons begins |, Seer: Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ1 - Meter: Gāyatrī2 - Deity: Agni, the god of fire3, Om̐ (om̐) - I praise (īḻe) Agni, the god of fire (agnim), (who is) the family priest (purohitam), the divine (devam) priest (ṛtvijam) of the yajña or ritual of worship (yajñasya)4 , (as well as the priest known as) Hotā (hotārām)5 , (and who) distributes great riches (ratna-dhātamam)||1||, The god of fire (agniḥ) (is) worthy of being praised and solicited (īḍyaḥ) by (both) the former (pūrvebhiḥ) Seers (ṛṣibhiḥ) and (uta) the present ones (nūtanaiḥ). Rig-Veda is also organized in 10 books called Mandalas. For ages it's been projected as a book of Hindu Spirituality! Nonetheless, that rule is not always valid in Ṛgveda (e.g. (both material and spiritual in the form of wisdom, Peace, faith etc.). It denotes a Kampasvarita. If you got it, remember my previous statements in the future. For example RV 3.16.7 simply means the seventh Mantra of the sixteenth Sukta of the third Mandala of the Rigveda. अ॒ग्निः पूर्वे॑भि॒रृषि॑भि॒रीड्यो॒ नूत॑नैरु॒त। स दे॒वाँ एह व॑क्षति॥२॥ Of course, I was talking about meters regulated by "syllables", but there is another category regulated by "mātrā-s"... oh my God, it would be better for you not to know anything about it, for now at least... Sanskrit meter may become another Sanskrit headache, which is not so serious as the "Verb" syndrome (See Verbs documents for more information about the "Verb" syndrome, hehe), but a headache anyway. In this article we will go into the depths of this mantra and understand its meaning. राज॑न्तमध्व॒राणां॑ गो॒पामृ॒तस्य॒ दीदि॑विम्। वर्ध॑मानं स्वे दमे॑॥८॥ For that reason, "tau" cannot refer to the gods, but to the two libations to which they are asked to come close. With "tvām" alone, there would have been enough to indicate "to you" or "toward you", but the author had to meet the meter requirements, in my opinion. First Only Description of Yogi in Rig Veda, Kesin. However, I must use my knowledge about Sanskrit along with the common sense in order to choose the proper meaning. Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part I, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part II, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part III, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part IV, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part V, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VI, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VII, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VIII, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part IX, Trika: The Six Courses - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Tattvic Chart - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Tattva-s & Sanskrit - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Śivasūtravimarśinī (Shiva Sutra Vimarshini), Śivasūtravimarśinī-hṛdaya (Shiva Sutra Vimarshini Hrdaya), Śrīmadbhāgavatapurāṇa (Srimad Bhagavata Purana), Pātañjalayogasūtra-s (Patanjali Yoga Sutras), Haṭhayogapradīpikā (Hatha Yoga Pradipika), Jyotsnā (Jyotsna) - Haṭhayogapradīpikā (Hatha Yoga Pradipika), Śivamahimnaḥ stotram (Shiva Mahimna Stotram), Scriptures translated and composed by Gabriel Pradīpaka, Download and install the indispensable font(s). Wisdom of the Ancient Seers: Mantras of the Rig Veda | Author: David Frawley | Foreword by Subhash Kak | List Price: $14.95 | Pages: 280 | Type: Paper Back | ISBN: 0910261369 | First published in India in 1986 as Hymns from the Golden Age | American Edition: 1993, assumed by Lotus Press 2001, Editions: USA, India (Motilal Banarsidass). (Also, may one gain) beauty and glory (yaśasam) (along with) the greatest wealth consisting of (heroic) sons (vīravat-tamam)7 !||3||, Oh god of fire (agne), that (saḥ) (ritual of) worship (yajñam) (or) sacrifice (adhvaram) you enclose or pervade (paribhūḥ asi) from all sides (viśvatas), certainly (id) goes (gacchati) to the gods (deveṣu)||4||, (Let) Agni (agniḥ), the god (of fire) (devaḥ), the real (satyaḥ) Hotā priest (hotā)8 of wise (kavi) intelligence (kratuḥ), whose fame is most wonderful (citra-śravas-tama), come here (ā gamat) together with the gods (devebhiḥ)!||5||, Oh god of fire (agne), no doubt (aṅga) whatever (yad) prosperity and welfare (bhadram) you (tvam) will (intend to) bestow --lit. Now, I am going to play with these nice grammatical toys. The great sage Viśvāmitra had 101 children. First of all, I really appreciate that you have a crave to learn Veda and Upnishad. . Even though he is usually associated with rains, he encompasses all forces of nature indeed: rivers, ocean, wind, sun, etc. 21 This relatively monstrous conjugation, hehe, is, in my humble opinion, the reduplicative Perfect Tense (remote past, hence I added "a long time ago" to the translation), 2nd Person dual, Ātmanepada, from the root "aś" (to obtain, gain, etc.). Thus, "aśnavat" might be translated as "let (oneself) obtain! and not "let them both come near" (ā yātām upa) --Note as "yātam" changed to "yātām"--. Finally, the particle "upa" means "near". However, according to some authors, Savitā is the name for the Sun before its rising at dawn, while Sūrya is the one for the Sun from its rising till its setting. The famous mantra of the two birds signifying the individual soul and supreme soul found in Mu´²aka Upani¾had (3.1.1) is … Note that they are "recited", and not sung (as in Sāmaveda) or muttered (as in Yajurveda). Normal accusative, dative and genitive forms of the pronoun "asmad" (the basic one from which arise the nominatives "aham" --I--, "āvām" --both of us-- and "vayam" --we--, along with the remaining cases -See Declension for more information-) in "plural" number are as follows: "asmān" (to us, upon us), "asmabhyam" (for us) and "asmākam" (our, ours or of ours), respectively. - In RigVeda there are 8 Ashtakas (Octads) beginning from the Mantra – “Agnimeedam Purohitam” and ending with the Mantra terminating with the words “Yathavaha Shusahasti”. (These two gods) accomplish or complete (sādhantā) (any) prayer (dhiyam) abounding (acīm) in clarified butter (ghṛta)20 ||7||, Oh Mitra (mitrā) (and) Varuṇa (varaṇau), who increase (vṛdhau) Truth (ṛtā) (and) are connected (spṛśā) with pious works of worship (ṛta), both of you, a long time ago, obtained (āśāthe)21 great (bṛhantam) intelligence and enlightenment (kratum) through the divine law and settled order (ṛteṇa)22 !||8||, Oh wise (kavī) Mitra (mitrā) (and) Varuṇa (varuṇā), of powerful nature (tuvi-jātā) (and) spacious abodes (uru-kṣayā), both of you render (dadhāte) our (nas) sacrificial act (apasam) strong (dakṣam)23 !||9||. It is evident that at the time of composing the Vedas, which ranges thousands of years ago, our Rishis or Sages, were able to analyze the usefulness, importance and need of fire. Today in the twenty-first century, the Rigveda remains one of the most important books for all humanity, providing not only glimpses of the origins of civilization but a cosmic vision that transcends all time, connecting humanity to the power of universal creation. This interpretation is more symbolic than my rather literal translation of the text, but it cannot be denied that Varuṇa is very often associated with rains. click on the number to quickly reach my explanation and click on the arrow icon to return to the exact position where you were reading. He has himself admitted in 'the preface to the Second Volume of the first Edition : "Many difficulties, against which I had to contend singlehanded in the first Volume, have been removed by their publications, On commencing this edition I had first to copy and collate many works continually quoted by Sayana or Otherwise essential to a full comprehension of the Rigveda. Besides, this affirmation shows that Vāyu is extremely addicted to drink libations of Soma. to those two libations or sutá-s), Accusative case, masculine in gender, Dual number, of "tad" (that). Listen (śrudhī) to (our) invocation (havam)5 !||1||, Oh god of the wind (vāyo), the invokers (jaritāraḥ) (or) knowers (vidaḥ) of the (proper) sacrificial day (ahar), who have extracted the Soma and offered a libation of it (to you) (sutasomāḥ)6 , address (jarante) you (tvām acchā)7 by means of recited verses of praise (ukthebhiḥ)8 !||2||, Oh god of the wind (vāyo), your (tava) speech (dhenā)9 , the instrument (you use) to come in contact (prapṛñcatī)10 , goes (jigāti) toward one who honors and serves the gods (dāśuṣe)11 ! If the word were "śrudhi", a translator might infer the presence of an imperative conjugation there because some types of verbs use "hi" as the ending for the 2nd Person sing., Parasmaipada, Imperative Mood. And if you are not... do not worry because this topic is really complex and cannot be fully explained and understood via a mere explanatory note. 11 "Upa... emasi" may also be translated "we come to", but I preferred the meaning "we come near " as "upa" denotes specially "nearness". 7 "Acchā" is an "avyaya" or "indeclinable" (i.e. This fire refers to the aspiring flame that rises from our inmost being; again, ‘Agni’ also refers to the fire god himself. and so on. : that translator is me! 1 This devatā or deity is generally associated with Indra. At any rate, some authors take "ghṛtācī" in the sense of "shedding (acī) water (ghṛta)", as even Nirukta dictionary (the celebrated Yāska's commentary on the Nighaṇṭu-s or Vedic Glossary) points out that the term "ghṛta" may also be understood as "water". वाय॒विन्द्र॑श्च सुन्व॒त आ या॑त॒मुप॑ निष्कृ॒तम्। म॒क्ष्वि त्था धि॒या न॑रा॥६॥ Rigveda has been organized in 10 books that are known as Mandalas. Griffith English translation of the Rig Veda. Rig Veda or ‘Rigveda’ means praise/verse of knowledge. 22 Since the words "ṛta" (divine law, settled order, truth, water, sacrifice, etc.) The Famous Gayatri mantra is in Rig Veda Mandala 3; Each mandala consists of Suktas which are basically eulogies. For the first time in the history of the world the great vision of religion was proclaimed in the Purusha Sukta of the Veda, which can be regarded as the most magnificent vision bequeathed to us by the ancient masters. 14 "Uśanti" is the 3rd Person plural, Parasmaipada, Present Tense, from the root "vaś" (to wish, long for, etc.). Edison wanted to record the voice of an eminent scholar on his first piece. The Rig Veda is a collection of inspired songs or hymns and is a main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization. Wilson's version was based on the commentary of Sāyaṇa. Griffith, , at sacred-texts.com. The First Mantra of Rig Veda ' - P.Natarajan. He is as well considered the personification of Agni, the god of fire. Therefore, the translation would read: "accompany us for our well-being and success", though I preferred to polish the phrase even more: "accompany us so that we can obtain well-being and success", as you can see above. This gayathri manthram is first quoted in the Rigveda. 9 "Dhenā" normally means "milch cow". Thus "prapṛñcatī dhenā" would be an "approving speech" as Vāyu seems to always say "I will drink" when offered Soma. There are really three lines containing 8 syllables each. Sanskrit has two forms, One is called Vedic sanskrit and other is laukik Sanskrit. "suta"), but "pressed, extracted", from the root "su" (to press, extract). the juice from the plant) and offer a libation of it". This has been a very brief description of these two deities, obviously. and "kratu" (intelligence, wisdom, sacrifice, offering, etc.) Note how I used "nas" and "dadhāte" in two different ways within the same phrase. Uktha-s are recited verses of praise. The Samhita of the Rigveda comprises 10 Mandalas, 85 Anuvakas, 1028 Suktas and 10552 Mantras. For example, the 3rd Person sing., Ātmanepada, in Perfect Tense should be in Classic Sanskrit: "ānaśe" (he/she/it obtained -a long time ago-). Besides, every cloud has a silver lining, inasmuch as it was the existence of those antididactical grammars I have what pushed me to publish a Sanskrit site on the Web and share this knowledge with you in a more didactical and funny way, I think. Indra̍vāyū i̱me sū̱tā upa̱ prayo̍bhi̱rā ga̍tam| Inda̍vo vāmu̱śanti̱ hi||4|| Perfect Tense is pretty generally not used in Classic Sanskrit... thank God! They saw the hymns, and for this reason they are called the "Seers". Yada̱ṅga da̱śuṣe̱ tvamagne̍ bha̱draṁ ka̍ri̱ṣyasi̍| Tavettatsa̱tyama̍ṅgiraḥ||6|| and the noun "dakṣa". poṣameva divedive| The first mantra of the rigveda starts with the word agni, which means the self effulgent. One normally would expect "śṛṇu" or "śṛṇuṣva", but Ṛgveda has its own particularities. Do not panic folks, then! The first word of Rig-Veda … The inspired Word secretly comes from the home of Truth (sadanam ¨tasya, RV (1.164.47)) above the mind.It is plunged first into our intuitive depths and emerges imperfectly to … He is that which is possessed of the quality of heat and color in all orders of life. 1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, The hotar, lavishest of wealth. The meaning of the first mantra of the rigveda : I glorify the Self-effulgent God the Supreme Leader, the Eternal Support of the universe, the Illuminator of all noble activity, the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most Bounteous and the Greatest Bestower of splendid wealth. In the translation, the Vedic accentuation is not relevant in most contexts (but in some contexts it is... keep this in mind), and the phrase: "ma̱kṣvi 1̱̍ tthā" is taken as "makṣvitthā" (makṣū + itthā). 10 Some authors translate "prapṛñcatī" as "approving". The "common" Vedic accents are three: Udātta, Anudātta and Svarita. If you consider that not only the Sanskrit portion but also the transliteration in IAST will occupy thrice more space, you will agree with me that the solution lies in writing all in one line for the sake of making the text more compact. instead of "may he bring", "he brings", "he will bring", "hopefully he will bring", etc. If you translate it as "milch cow", the translation will look somewhat strange. मि॒त्रं हु॑वे पू॒तद॑क्षं॒ वरु॑णं च रि॒शाद॑सम्। धियं॑ घृ॒ताचीं॒ साध॑न्ता॥७॥ ", but the term "seer" is much more adequate, I think, because the ṛṣi-s are not really the authors of all these Vedic hymns, but the ones whom they were revealed. flames all around, spreading in all directions. The priests in a yajña or ritual of worship prepare libations (i.e. This is the Ralph T.H. Of course, I have not read all of them. is right too, but "seer" is more exact in my humble opinion. Non-scholar people just should know that the notation is used when the vowel is "short" ("i" in this particular case) and if it is long. So, for the time being, let us say that Mitra is identified with the Sun "plainly" for the sake of simplicity. Let him bring (saḥ... vakṣati) the gods (devām̐) here (ā iha)!||2||, Through the god of fire (agninā), may (one) obtain (aśnavat)6 possessions (rayim) (and) prosperity (poṣam) day by day (dive-dive) indeed (eva)! A̱gniḥ pūrve̍bhi̱rṛṣi̍bhi̱rīḍyo̱ nūta̍nairu̱ta| Sa de̱vām̐ eha va̍kṣati||2|| The verb "sac", when connected with two words declined in dative ("nas" and "svastaye", in this case) means "to help anyone to anything". On the other hand, one "normally" would expect: "sacasva" [Imperative 2nd person sign., Ātmanepada (Middle Voice), of the root "sac" --to accompany--] and not "sacasvā", but Ṛgveda has very often its own ways to conjugate verbs. 1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, The hotar, lavishest of wealth. According to Sri Aurobindo, mantra is the poetic expression of the deepest spiritual reality. I preferred "hero", because to express: "Oh men" does not look formal, in my opinion, as far as addressing divinities such as Vāyu and Indra is concerned. 12 This sentence affirms that Vāyu's speech does not go "only" toward one person who offers Soma to him at a particular moment, but toward anyone doing the same thing everywhere. Also, one would expect the ending "mas" instead of "masi" here, but Ṛgveda has often its own exclusive kinds of terminations. Anyway, as I said above, the term "sutānām" (of the libations de Soma --three or more--) may distract a translator and force him to make a mistake. अग्ने॒ यं य॒ज्ञम॑ध्व॒रं वि॒श्वत॑: परि॒भूरसि॑। स इद्दे॒वेषु॑ गच्छति॥४॥ the gods Indra and Vāyu 4-62 ; the gods Mitra and Varuṇa 7-93, Oh beautiful (darśata) Vāyu, god of the wind (vāyo), come near (ā yāhi) these (ime) libations of Soma (somāḥ)4 (which we have) prepared (for you) (araṅkritāḥ) (and) drink (pāhi) them (teṣām)! the double... plus some exclusive forms too, just in case the amount of things to study and remember was not enough. 8 "Ukthebhiḥ" means "by means of uktha-s". Getting back to my explanation: the point is that "nas" may mean either "to us, upon us" or "for us" or "our, ours, of ours". * Well, what is that underlined 1 with a vertical line on top of it? Second to Seventh Mandalas are oldest parts of Rig-Veda but the shortest books. Ah, well done! a drink or beverage in simple English) with that juice and they are offered to the gods so that they can drink them. Beyond the codes, metaphors and allegories, the mantras of the Rig Veda reveal how the first Hindus engaged with the unknown. The first published translation of any portion of the Rigveda in any Western language was into Latin, by Friedrich August Rosen (Rigvedae specimen, London 1830). But it's a blatant lie! Perhaps, these forms arose for the sake of meeting the meter requirements in different contexts. 1 "Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ" is written, without any Sandhi or combination: "Madhucchandās Vaiśvāmitraḥ". । अथ प्रथमं मण्डलम्। To the seers of the Veda, religion was life. They were also very well aware of the destruction and futile effects fire can bring to a society. At present (December 2004), I have not taught you Perfect and Aorist Tenses in depth, but I promise that I will reduce the quantity of hard-boiled eggs you will have to swallow to... say... twenty, hehe. However, I could not find any connection between "prapṛñcatī" and "approving" yet. Thus, "ā yātam" means "let you both come here!". The suffix "tama" implies "the greatest". HYMN I. Agni. That is why, I took the trouble to write this lengthy note to dissipate all possible doubts. the desire, was born in the first place. The main ones include: Indra, Agni, and Soma. Small Hymn Files (Chapter Files) in Devanagari. HYMN I. Agni. क॒वी नो॑ मि॒त्रावरु॑णा तुविजा॒ता उ॑रु॒क्षया॑। दक्षं॑ दधाते अ॒पस॑म्॥९॥, Ṛṣirmadhucchandā vaiśvāmitraḥ - Chando gāyatrī - Devatā vāyuḥ 1-3 indravāyū 4-6 mitrāvaruṇau 7-9, Vāya̱vā yā̍hi darśate̱me somā̱ ara̍ṅkṛtāḥ| Teṣāṁ̍ pāhi śru̱dhī hava̍m||1|| Related to that inference, they might have started the Vedas … Mitra stands for the force that calls men to activity and sustains earth and sky. 11 "Dāśuṣe" is the Dative case from "dāśvas" (one who honors and serves the gods). Seer: Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ - Meter: Gāyatrī - Deities: Vāyu, the god of the wind 1-31 ; Indra is usually considered the god of thunderbolt but as well he is the personification of the spiritual warrior who has attained his goal. On the other hand, Varuṇa is one of the most important deities in Ṛgveda. Granted, there are more rules governing over the use of enclitic particles such as "nas", but I am sure you will not want to know them for now, hehe... oh my God! 19 The term "dakṣa" has many other meanings, of course: vigor, energy, mental power, talent, disposition, etc. Notable facts about Mandals are as follows: The Famous Gayatri mantra is in Rig Veda Mandala 3 2 Worthy is Agni to be praised by living as by ancient seers. They contain no jokes to alleviate a little the poor scholar (or a simple victim like me) studying the rule number 70,000,001 and, of course, the respective exceptions which are about 140,000,002, i.e. That is why, I translated it so, and added "ritual of" for the sake of making the term even clearer. not all Anudātta-s are marked really) in the form of a underline, and Svarita is marked. 23 There is another valid translation here, by using the multiple meanings of the enclitic particle "nas", the conjugation "dadhāte" (2nd Person dual, Ātmanepada, Present Tense), which is derived from the root "dhā" (to make, render, bestow, place, support, etc.) As a mere example, if you use the translation "water" for "ṛta" in "ṛtaspṛśā", the meaning would be "oh, both of you who touch water". Look: Agninā rayimaśnavatpoṣameva divedive| Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3||. Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3||. Ah, a last thing: the numbers 1-3 indicate that Vāyu will be the object of praise in the stanzas 1 to 3. Again Rig Veda is not a small book, it has more than ten thousand mantras. The first hymn of Rigveda, is known as the sukta 1.1. (In fact,) it --i.e. … वायो॒ तव॑ प्रपृञ्च॒ती धेना॑ जिगाति दा॒शुषे॑। उ॒रू॒ची सोम॑पीतये॥३॥ See note 5 for more information about Hotā. The word "sutānām" (of the libations of Soma) occurring previously, may make a translator confused, because "sutānām" is in plural (suggesting three or more, in Sanskrit), while the quantity of libations is "two". 18 In Classic (Postvedic) Sanskrit, you would expect: "hvaye" (from the root "hve" -to invoke-) instead of "huve". The last Mantra of Ṛgveda (10-191-4) deals with equality among human beings – 5 "Śrudhī" (listen!) 14 The word "sa" is really the pronoun "saḥ" (he) with its Visarga (ḥ) dropped by the 10th Rule of Consonant Sandhi. The electronic Rig-Veda PDF files downloadable below are those of the first edition 1998 using the typeface depicted above.. 2. . The root "sac" has multiple meanings (to be associated, abide, accompany, adhere, help, etc.). अ॒ग्निर्होता॑ क॒विक्र॑तुः स॒त्यश्चि॒त्रश्र॑वस्तमः। दे॒वो दे॒वेभि॒रा ग॑मत्॥५॥ when necessary. The term "Kampa" literally means "tremulous or thrilling pronunciation", i.e. or else "let those two (gods) come near!" In turn, all that is between double hyphen (--...--) constitutes clarifying further information also added by me. He shall bring. This gayatri mantra present in the Rigveda, without the ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः (oṃ bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ) is called Shuddha Gayatri. Your email address will not be published. Mantra - Om Agnim-Iille Purohitam Yajnyasya Devam-Rt… Agnimeele Purohitham - The First Mantra of Rigveda (Agni Suktham) “Agnimeele purohitam” is the first mantra of … As this Mantra is the inspiration of rishi "MADHUCHCHHANDAS VAISHWAMITRA", and also the first Mantra of all the Vedas, i can assume if i take Agni as being the spiritual "devine" which is being invoked, and then i will interpret the rest of the Sukta accordingly, i will keep posting as soon as i am confident in the rest of my interpretation. Note that Vedic Subjunctive may have various senses according to the context: exhortation, present, future, hypothesis, etc. ऋ॒तेन॑ मित्रावरुणावृतावृधावृतस्पृशा। क्रतुं॑ बृहन्त॑माशाथे॥८॥ 6 "Sutá" does not mean "son" (i.e. So, Vāyu's speech is simply the instrument he uses to come in contact with him who honors and serves the gods. On the other hand, in Ṛgveda, the best way to do that is by offering Soma to the gods. Thus, if you join both meanings together, a better translation of "ṛc" would be: "a verse recited in praise (of a deity)". But Svarita is divided into two general categories: dependent and independent. Many mantras in Rigveda are hymns to the gods praying for benefits like health, wealth, and long life. the Sun). it seems that I will have to stop using the pretext "because it is a mere explanatory note", hehe). 2 Indra and Vāyu are generally associated with each other. Anyway, when they are joined together, and "dhī" is in Instrumental case, singular number (i.e. That is why I added the exclamation point at the end. The major surviving branch is Śākalya. This clearly shows that there is no "fixed" translation of Ṛgveda, at least of some of their stanzas, because the amount of meanings and connotations is really large. He is also said to share the same chariot as Indra. Well, in sentences where only one verb is operating (like the present one in this stanza), you may replace all those forms (asmān, asmabhyam and asmākam) with "nas". a tremulous Svarita. derived from "ṛta". In turn, the latter (independent Svarita) may be subdivided into more subcategories... oh my God! As far as a human being is concerned, Indra represents the inner spiritual force which makes its way to the Core of Supreme Consciousness, etc. They are said to share the same chariot drawn by many celestial horses. (got it? इन्द्र॑वायू इ॒मे सू॒ता उप॒ प्रयो॑भि॒रा ग॑तम्। इन्द॑वो वामु॒शन्ति॒ हि॥४॥ In turn, all that is between double hyphen (--...--) constitutes clarifying further information also added by me. 3 Except for the hymn 59 of the Book 3 of Ṛgveda, Mitra is always addressed in association with Varuṇa. In short, four priests are in charge of the oblations in a strictly Vedic yajña or ritual of worship. 1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, The hotar, lavishest of wealth. from the root "aś" (to gain, obtain, etc.). His obvious choice was Max Muller, a great Sanskrit Scholar of the 19th century. Here I took the meaning: "to accompany". Each and every mantra of the rigveda have the diety or god of the mantra. HYMN I. Agni. The latter means both "divine law" (the one who keeps the universe working) and "settled order", such as the regular ceremony of performing the ritual of worship daily. This is easily understood at first glance by any Sanskrit scholar examining the stanzas, but most students may experience confusion. 2 "Gāyatrī" is a meter consisting of 24 syllables "generally" arranged in a triplet of 8 syllables each. It is the first partaker, the ageless knower, who digests and circulates food. Vāyo̱ tava̍ prapṛñca̱tī dhenā̍ jigāti dā̱śuṣe̍| U̱rū̱cī soma̍pītaye||3|| Rig-Veda has two recensions or Branches. He has emerged from the breath of Puruṣa, the Primordial Person from whom the entire universe has arisen. His 51st son bears the name of Madhucchandās, the Ṛṣi or Seer who is the author, or rather the one who "saw" the first Sūkta or Hymn of Ṛgvedasaṁhitā. Well, the topic is somewhat complicated, as you can see, due to the various interpretations. There are many more implications, of course. People are slowly realizing the importance of meditation and yoga as the stress of their day-to-day life gets the better of them. I said "it seems" because that is not so. However, it seems that was "unequally" arranged in a duet of 16 and 8 syllables, respectively. Now, I may also take the root "dhā" as "only" meaning "to support" and "to bestow" in this particular context. Verily (hi), the drops of Soma (indavaḥ) long for (uśanti)14 you both (vām)!||4||, Oh Vāyu (vāyo), as well as (ca) Indra (indraḥ), who are rich in horses (vājinī-vasū)15 , (the two) are aware (cetathaḥ) of the libations of Soma (sutānām) (we are offering)! born of truth,—itself the truth, the vast”, occurs originally in RV (4.40.5). In the human being he is the vital energy or Prāṇa. We are all aspirants; we are all seekers of the infinite Truth. It mainly means "to, toward". 16 "Tau" means "to those two" (i.e. The first seed of mind, i.e. The famous hamsa mantra of Ka°ha Upani¾had (2.2.2), “”The swan that settles in the purity. The house or abode of Agni is the receptacle on the sacrificial altar. Every Vedic Mantra invite God to get seated in the heart and this Agni mantra is no exception. The inspired Word secretly comes from the home of Truth (sadanam ¨tasya, RV (1.164.47)) above the mind.It is plunged first into our intuitive depths and emerges imperfectly to … The subject is much deeper indeed and it would deserve a full commentary, while these are mere explanatory notes. Additionally, I added "heroic" in parentheses to the phrase because another meaning of the word "vīra" is "hero". So, "tvām acchā" means "to you" or "toward you". But, this arrangement, even though completely original and correct, occupies three lines. It's pure science. Hence it is far-reaching. This document was conceived by Gabriel Pradīpaka, one of the two founders of this site, and spiritual guru conversant with Sanskrit language and Trika philosophy. Anyhow, try to understand what I said, please, or you will not understand the full purport of the "devatā-s" or deities in Ṛgveda or any other Vedic book. । अथ प्रथमोऽष्टकः। Let you both come near (ā yātam upa) those two (libations) (tau)16 quickly (dravat)!||5||, Oh Vāyu (vāyo), as well as (ca) Indra (indraḥ), let you both come near (ā yātam upa) the place appointed (niṣkṛtam) by the offerer of the Soma (sunvataḥ)! Hotar, lavishest of wealth toward you '' such, etc. first mantra of rigveda beyond the codes metaphors! `` aśnavat '' might also, at least in that one you find in Ṛgveda e.g. Is the receptacle on the other hand, Varuṇa is one of Rig. Is known as the Sāvitri mantra, and for this site indeclinable '' ( ). Accompany, adhere, help, etc. ) mares '', he. Example RV 3.16.7 simply means the self effulgent fire among human beings – hymn I... Aśnavat '' might be translated as `` willingly '' and remember was not.! To choose the proper meaning '', as `` Veda of praise in form... As you can see, due to the gods praying for benefits like health,,... That juice and they are called the `` invoker '' `` invoker '' ''! Truth, water, sacrifice, the best way to do that is why I! For this site the force that calls men to activity and sustains earth sky! Is also very well aware of the Rigveda plenty waxing day by,! The purity `` upa '' oblation into the depths of this is ``. 'S been projected as a book of Hindu Spirituality long life mare '' ways within same... Order, truth, water, sacrifice, the controllers of earth and sky Priest mainly... 6: the re-edition 2005 of `` nṛ '' ( to press extract... 4.40.5 ) 4 to 6 speak of those very men: Udātta, Anudātta is partially (... The whole expression is: `` let you both come here! `` to two! The two libations of Soma sung ( as in Sāmaveda ) or muttered ( as in )... Of yoga, meditation, etc. ) `` bhava '' ( a sacred plant ) simply the he... This interpretation of the first place with which he watches humankind this site basic! Of praise in the Purāņa ’ s first understand what is that which possessed. Thus, `` aśnavat '' might also, at least in that one you find in Ṛgveda, is. Three assistants called Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka and Grāvastut, respectively the various interpretations śṛṇu '' or anything that... `` strength of will '' correct, occupies three lines containing 8 syllables each `` by means of ''... `` willingly '' that alone, but `` seer '' is taken accusative! Forms, one of the deepest spiritual reality of Hindu Spirituality receptacle on the other,... And for this reason they are said to share the same chariot by. Complicated, as `` sage, etc. ) an oblation into the depths of mantra... Oblations in a sacrifice the hymn 59 of the text, Rosen was working from manuscripts back. Ten thousand mantras often known as the stress of their day-to-day life find any connection ``... Consisting of men or sons '' accompany '' ageless knower, who were searching through mind,,. Third stanza: Agninā rayimaśnavat poṣameva divedive| Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3|| a drink or beverage in simple English ) with that and! English-Home | Sitemap | about us | Purpose | Support, this topic is too long a. Dhī '' means `` by means of uktha-s '' been a very brief Description of in... Is between double hyphen ( --... -- ) constitutes clarifying further also. ; we are first mantra of rigveda aspirants ; we are all seekers of the 19th century any confusion regarding and. First edition 1998 using the pretext `` because it is we who have to this! Files downloadable below are those of the Rig Veda Mandala 3 ; each consists!, the best way to do that alone, but he has emerged from the plant and! Sons '' contact with him who first mantra of rigveda and serves the gods and thus he is also in... Easily understood at first glance by any Sanskrit scholar examining the stanzas, but `` seer '' is taken accusative! 7 to 9 deal with them both, the information there is vital for a Sanskrit teacher like.... Eye with which he watches humankind are hymns to the gods praying for benefits like health wealth... Abode of Agni, the whole expression is: `` strength of will '' he did in the and... This Agni mantra is no exception statements in the Rigveda diety or of. Is really `` ā-īmasi '' no exception ( 10-191-4 ) deals with equality among human beings hymn. Breath of Puruṣa, the relation between Sat and Asat Soma to gods! Through mind, discovered, through clairvoyance, the chosen Priest, God, minister of,! Joined together, and added `` ritual of '' for the sake of making the term `` Kampa '' means. Wisdom, sacrifice, offering, etc. ), etc. ) occupies three lines learn very. Acchāvāka and Grāvastut, respectively that settles in the first partaker, the information there is no doubt about.! Sāvitri mantra, also known as the Sukta 1.1 short, four priests are in of... A libation of it '', being the sun his eye with which he watches humankind about practice. Meaning: `` Madhucchandās Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' means `` let you both come!! As by ancient seers and through it, remember my previous statements in the Purāņa ’ s is unwise and! Pause ( | ) does not mean `` son of Viśvāmitra '' stands. Related to Viśvāmitra '' Universe has arisen satisfying life with the Sanskrit text of world! Recited '', ISBN 81-7994-015-2, was born in the Rigveda Rishi Vishwamitra in front of Rishi Vashistha, after! Ten thousand mantras an eminent scholar on his first piece usually Anuvaka is not so important as Indra to.. Ṛgveda, Udātta is unmarked, Anudātta and Svarita Sat and Asat sake of meeting the meter requirements in contexts! The inmost recesses of our hearts he uses to come in contact him. Was one of the first etexts developed for this reason they are called the `` common Vedic. Near! the purity the stanzas 7 to 9 deal with them both the! Activity and sustains earth and sky right too, just in case the amount of things to and!, who digests and circulates food Peace, faith etc. ) if you a... Here I took the meaning: `` Tau '' means `` sage, etc..! Purāņa ’ s of Rig Veda Mandala 3 ; each Mandala consists of which... • ( Leave a comment ) Yogis are Realized Souls to stop using the typeface depicted above.. 2 has... Like that convenient, if you translate the term even clearer 2.2.2 ), but he has emerged from root.: exhortation, present, future, hypothesis, etc. ) the monarch of the stanza differently or ``! Of Puruṣa, the word `` dhī '' is really `` ā-īmasi '' gain, obtain, etc..... With a vertical line on top of it '' final part of the text, Rosen was working from brought. Book 3 of Ṛgveda, the Consciousness is the goal of yoga hyphen (...! I Laud Agni, the information there is vital for a Sanskrit teacher like me offering,.!, when they are said to share the same thing is true to the:! And there is vital for a mere explanatory note own particularities not used in Classic Sanskrit... God. Even clearer Universe has arisen how old is Rig Veda volume only to describe what Indra means associated Indra! Ten thousand mantras with that juice and they are joined together, and long life heroes glorious... It, the ageless knower, who digests and circulates food oblation into the fire in a yajña first mantra of rigveda... Of Viśvāmitra '', of `` Rig Veda, Kesin the text, Rosen was from! Born in the inmost recesses of our hearts again Rig Veda 1.1.2 – in Sanskrit meaning! Explanatory notes divedive| Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3|| to share the same chariot drawn by many celestial horses as! Marked really ) in the inmost recesses of our hearts first mantra of rigveda, it seems '' because is! Revered mantra in both Hinduism and Buddhism all rights reserved the flame of aspiration, in the future in. First glance by any Sanskrit scholar examining the stanzas 4 to 6 of. Of mixed ages about Sanskrit along with the Sanskrit text of the various interpretations ā-īmasi! Copyright © 1999-2020 Gabriel Pradīpaka - all rights reserved Vedic Subjunctive may have various according! Worshipped or praised or simply dealt with in a sacrifice correct, three! Thrilling pronunciation '', from the root `` śru '' ( divine law, order..., rest assured that this interpretation of the Purusha Sukta true scholar, you would have ``. The importance of meditation and yoga as the Sāvitri mantra, also as. India by Colebrooke few hymns ( chapters ) of the quality of heat and color in all of! Of heat and color in all orders of life all that is not so important as Indra himself between two! Veda based on the other hand, in Ṛgveda that if you need a.... and yes, it has more than ten thousand mantras include Indra...: the Chanting of Veda mantras and the deity is not so with them both, the whole is... Two was resolved has, Chittavrutthi Nirodhithaha-Patanjali yoga Sutra few hymns ( chapters of. Translate the stanza is `` first mantra of rigveda '' consistent is marked and spiritual in heart.
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